Situated in a transitional zone between the provinces of Minho and Trás-os-Montes, Ribeira de Pena is located deep in the heart of the vinho verde demarcated wine region. The municipality is crossed by several rivers, which make the countryside cool and green and provide excellent conditions for fishing.
Some of the remains left by the region's previous inhabitants date back to prehistoric times. Examples of this earlier occupation are the shrine of Lamelas, built out of rocks, and the pre-Roman hillside forts dotted around the region.
Mention should also be made of the Ponte de Cavês, a bridge across the River Tâmega, and the church of São Salvador, which was built in the eighteenth century, having been commissioned by a man who was born locally and had recently returned home rich after emigrating to Brazil.