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Parque Nacional da Peneda-Gerês

In the extreme north-east of Portugal, between the Alto Minho and Trás-os-Montes, the Serra da Peneda and Serra do Gerês constitute the only Portuguese protected area that has been classified as a National Park. It is a world apart, where human activity is integrated in a harmonious manner with nature, preserving ancient values and traditions that can be seen in the community villages of Pitões das Júnias and Tourém.

The exuberant vegetation covering the mountains, exhibit every shade of green, include a holly bush wood - unique at a national level - and endemic species such as the Gerês lily, whose blue-violet colours grace the fields. The rugged mountainous terrain is cut across by rapidly flowing rivers and streams, including many waterfalls, which finally slow down their pace in dams such as those of Caniçada, Vilarinho das Furnas or Portela do Homem. The landscapes are quite stunning.

Keep your eyes peeled, because you may be able to spot a roe deer (symbol of the Park) or its predator, the Iberian wolf. It is more common to come across garrano ponies -which are small wild horses that run freely across the hills. You're also likely to find Barrosã cattle and dark haired Castro Laboreiro dogs, that look after the flocks of goats and sheep which move between the "brandas" and "inverneiras" in the different seasons.

If you want to expend some energy there are plenty of opportunities, since you'll find ideal conditions for practising activities such as canyonning or canoeing. If you just want to go for a walk, follow the winding and well conserved path of the Roman road or "geira" and admire the milestones that are almost 2000 years old. Other itineraries will enable you to see dolmens and cromlechs, mediaeval castles or monasteries and sanctuaries, that are perfectly integrated in the landscape.

O Parque Nacional da Peneda-Gerêsby: BilmaBiz
Wild Horses (Garranos) in Portugalby: PauloBernardino1
Parque Nacional Peneda Gerêsby: MaisportugalTV
O Parque Nacional Peneda-Gerêsby: VisitPortugal

Characteristics and Services

  • Park area / 70.290 ha
  • Altitude / Máx: 1.545m; min - 140m
  • Signposted routes
  • Guided Tours

Other information

PAN Park - The Peneda Gerês National Park has been officially certified as a PAN Park. This distinction has been awarded to only 11 European parks covering an area of no less than 20,000 hectares, and in which the "wilderness area" amounts to no less than 10,000 hectares, so that the fauna and flora can develop freely. The parks awarded this certificate must promote a strategy of sustainable development, through the implementation of measures for the conservation of nature and the local biodiversity, a policy for the management of visitors and the certification of tour operators

Holiday activities
  • With a pleasant climate and some 8 kilometres of fine sands facing these immense blue seas, Espinho is one of the main tourist resorts of northern Portugal. Only the long seaside pedestrian walkway separates the sands from the city.

    [Praias Marbelo, Pop, Azul, Seca e Costa Verde - Beach of Espinho ]
  • Monte do Bom Jesus, Braga
    Monte do Bom Jesus, Bragaby: Wigulf src: wmf under: CC BY-SA 3.0

    To reach the Bom Jesus Sanctuary, you can go by foot, car or even take the vertical tram, an impressive piece of 19th century engineering. This was the first of its kind to be installed in Portugal in 1882 and continues to use its water-powered system to power up the 300-metre slope in just 3 minutes.

    [Santuário do Bom Jesus do Monte - Braga ]
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